Clinical and Laboratory Findings of Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever in Albania in 2013-2015
Marsida Krasniqi, Silvia Bino

Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by infection with a tick-borne virus (Nairovirus) in the family Bunyaviridae. Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a zoonotic viral disease that is asymptomatic in infected animals, but a serious threat to humans. The objective of this study is to analyze demographic and epidemiological characteristics, laboratory findings of cases with Crimea Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) in Albania. The diagnosis of CCHF was done with the detected of IgG and IgM antibodies in the serum by enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA methods), the test was done in the Department of Public Health Institute of Tirana. 27 cases with CCHF were included in this study, which included a period of time from 2013-2015. Mean ages of the patients was 44.8 ± 16.4 years. The majority of the cases was from Has and Kukes. The symptoms were fever, headache, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain. Regarding laboratory analyses was seen most commonly an increase of hepatic enzyme (AST, ALT) and was seen lower level of platelets and leucocytes.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/ijhs.v4n1a4