Smoking Behavior, Perceived Self-Efficacy, and Motivation of Smoking Cessation among University Student
Nur Melizza, Anggraini Dwi Kurnia, Nur Lailatul Masruroh, Lofita Surya Dewi

Abstract
Smoking is deemed one of the negative conducts that may result in health damage. Apart from the factual truth, many people keep smoking, even since they were still adolescents. Smoking conduct can be potentially found on those suffering from emotional disorders, and adolescents are named as the potential parties who attempt to show fluctuation in their emotional stability. This research, therefore, was intended to investigate smoking behavior and the correlation of perceived self-efficacy and motivation to quit smoking. In terms of design, this research occupied a cross-sectional model, with the application of a purposive sampling technique involving as many as 208 respondents taken from engineering faculty students. To collect the data, two sorts of the questionnaire were used, such as Richmond Test and Self-Efficacy, with two major variables, dependent and independent. For the need for data analysis, a spearman’s rho correlation was employed. Following the result of Spearman’s rho correlation test, it was shown that p= 0.000<α=0.05, with r=0.466. It demonstrated that the degree of correlation coefficient was on average point. Most of the respondents (equivalent to 63%) consumed conventional cigarettes. Besides, the majority of the respondents conveyed high motivation to quit smoking (constituting 58%) and were equipped with high self-efficacy (equal to 61%). Furthermore, most of the respondents were found possessing high self-efficacy and motivation to quit smoking with several 102, while the other 3 respondents were oppositely found having low self-efficacy and motivation. To sum up, there was a correlation between perceived self-efficacy and motivation to quit smoking on a student, indicated by the presence of high self-efficacy followed by the rising of motivation to quit smoking.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/ijhs.v8n1a5