Comparing the Mini-BES Test to Berg Balance Scale in People with Multiple Sclerosis
Meshaal Dayel, PT; Maryam Aloumi, PT; Hessah Mohammad, PT; Suad Abdul Rahman, PT; Sharifah Alragum, PhD

Background: The prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS) is increasing among young adults in Kuwait. There is a need for a valid system-specific outcome measure that identifies balance deficiencies and treats them accordingly. The aim of the study was to examine the validity of the Mini-BES Test and its accuracy in classifying people with MS based on fall history. Methods: Twenty-six patients with MS participated in the study. Participants performed the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and the Mini-BES Test. Validity was assessed by correlating scores of the Mini-BES Test with scores of the BBS, and by comparing scores between fallers and non-fallers. Results: There was a significant correlation between the two outcome measures (r=0.87) and a significant correlation between the Mini-BES Test and history of falling (r=-0.57). The scores on the Mini- BES Test were significantly different between fallers and non-fallers (p<.005).Conclusion: The Mini-BES Test is a valid outcome measure for balance deficits in patients with MS. It is able to differentiate between fallers and non-fallers, which helps in designing fall prevention programs.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/ijhs.v4n4a5