Urinary Incontinence in Kuwait: Prevalence and Risk Factors of Men and Women
Nowall A Al-Sayegh, Al-Batool Leri , Amna Al-Qallaf, Hanan Al-Fadhli, Shouq Al-Sharrah

Urinary incontinence is a common condition and affects the social, physical and psychological aspects of many individuals worldwide. This study was conducted to determine prevalence of urinary incontinence (UI) in Kuwait, and determine the risk factors associated with UI. A cross-sectional design in which self-administered surveys were distributed to women and men in the metropolitan area of Kuwait that looked at factors associated with UI. 268 women and 152 men completed and returned the questionnaires. Mean age and body mass index (BMI) were 29 and 31 years and 25.7 kg/m2 and 27.4 kg/m2for the men and women, respectively. 54.5% of women and 22.4% of men reported having involuntary loss of urine. Age above 45 years (p<0.001), four or more children (p=0.006), vaginal delivery (p=0.015), BMI greater than 25kg/m2 (p=0.001), drinking more than one-cup of a caffeinated drink per day (p=0.041), and a history of diabetes mellitus (p=0.002) were related to UI in women. A history of diabetes mellitus (p=0.044), and BMI greater than 30 kg/m2 (p=0.041) were related to UI in men. Obesity was the most controllable risk factor for UI. Urinary Incontinence prevention and management programs are indicated in Kuwait.

Full Text: PDF     DOI: 10.15640/ijhs.v2n4a4